What is coronavirus?

Coronavirus Definition: The Novel Coronavirus (officially known as COVID-19) is a family of viruses that cause cold and more severe forms like SARS and MERS which are life-threatening.

How dangerous is the COVID-19?

Novel Coronavirus or COVID-19 is a fast-growing global pandemic. Scientists are doing research to understand the behaviour and properties of this coronavirus. Since it transmitted among people very rapidly, corona outbreak in India and other countries caused a serious problem. There is not yet a vaccine available.

How and where coronavirus originated?

According to reports Coronavirus originated in late 2019 in China. It is believed more likely that the virus originated in bats and someone got infected at the world-famous Huanan seafood market in Wuhan.

What is the Incubation Period of Coronavirus disease?

Coronavirus Incubation Period: The incubation period is the period between exposure to an infectious agent until signs and the appearance of the first symptoms. According to Survey symptoms in a coronavirus infected person shows up about 5 days after contact. In some rare cases, symptoms appear as soon as 2 days and also take 12-14 days.

How is the coronavirus transmitted?

Direct Contact: Coronavirus transmission takes place mostly from person to person through close contact and droplets scattered by an infected person while sneezing and coughing. These droplets enter the body via the mouth and nose of the person who is nearby or possibly be inhaled into lungs.  

Indirect Contact: It also transmitted via touching your mouth or nose after touching a virus-contaminated surface or object. Coronavirus can survive on some object from 12-24 hours or more. If you touch such infected objects and touch your mouth, eyes or nose, you might be exposed to infection.

What are the Symptoms of Coronavirus?

Symptoms of COVID-19 are usually mild and develop slowly. The main symptoms are: 

  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • Chills
  • headache

How can you Prevent Coronaviruses?

Since there is no vaccine available for Coronavirus, prevention steps can reduce the risk of infection. WHO recommend following precaution tips to prevent bacterias and viruses:

  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth. 
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water at least 20 seconds after shaking hands and before taking meals. If you are using sanitizer make sure it should contain 60% alcohol. 
  • Follow social distancing and keep a distance of 2 metres away from people and wear a mask.
  • The best way is to Stay at Home as much as possible and avoid mass gathering.
  • Maintain hygiene and avoid sharing towels, dishes, bedding and other household items if you are sick.

How to increase your antibodies or boost your immunity against COVID-19?

Based on research people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, heart disease, diabetes) above 60 years of age are at higher risk of severe illness from COVID-19. To decrease risk of infection consume the following fruits and vegetables to  boost your immunity:

  • Vitamin A: Carrots, Pumpkin, Sweet Potatoes, Broccoli, Spinach, Cod-liver oil, Tomatoes etc.
  • Vitamin B: Eggs, Milk, Yogurt, Salmon, Leafy Green, Sunflower Seeds etc.
  • Vitamin C: Orange, Gooseberry (Amla), Kiwifruit, broccoli, green or yellow pepper etc.
  • Vitamin D: 5 – 30 minutes of sun exposure improves bone health, as well as in nerve, immune and muscle function. Fish 
  • Zinc: Seed, Nuts, Whole grains, tofu.
  • Iron: Gooseberry (Amla), Spinach, Broccoli etc.